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Native vegetation is crucial for the heath of the Northern Beaches environment and the wellbeing of our community. Native vegetation also; controls erosion through protecting soils and creek banks, reduces land degradation, improves water quality and provides habitat for a wealth of biodiversity including threatened species. 

The Northern Beaches support a rich diversity of native vegetation communities. The local national parks, although extensive, do not conserve the full range of local biodiversity. Effective long-term conservation of biodiversity across the beaches will be dependent to a large extent on protection and management of native vegetation outside the parks. Northern Beaches Council will play a role in this process.

Vegetation communities contain a diverse mix of plants and healthy habitat which is critical for the long-term survival of our native animals.  Each community has a characteristic suite of plant growth forms and species. The bushland on the Northern Beaches contain a diverse range of vegetation communities, including some Threatened Ecological Communities, and Council is committed to protecting them. 

What is a Threatened Ecological Community?

Threatened ecological community is a term used in Australia for ecosystems that are in danger of being lost due to some threatening processes. These areas are a naturally occurring group of native plants, animals and other organisms that are interacting in a unique habitat. Its structure, composition and distribution are determined by environmental factors such as soil type, position in the landscape, altitude, climate and water availability.

The purpose of listing threatened ecosystems is to primarily reduce the rate of ecosystem and species extinction. This includes preventing further degradation and loss of structure, function and composition of threatened ecosystems. One the Northern Beaches there are 12 threatened ecological communities.

Threatened Ecological Communities on the Northern Beaches

 

Bangalay Sand Forest

Bangalay Sand Forest of the Sydney Basin and South East Corner bioregions is the name given to the ecological community associated with coastal sand plains of marine or aeolian...

coastal saltmarsh

Coastal Saltmarsh

Coastal Saltmarsh occurs in the intertidal zone on the shores of estuaries and lagoons that are permanently and intermittently open to the sea. Saltmarsh occupies the high tide...

Coastal Upland Heath Swamp

The Coastal Upland Heath Swamp in the Sydney Basin Bioregion includes open heath, sedgeland and tall scrub which is periodically waterlogged. It occurs primarily on impermeable...

© Ben Fallowfield

Duffys Forest

Duffys Forest Ecological Community in the Sydney Basin is an open-forest or woodland that occurs in association with shale lenses and lateritic soils. Floristic composition and...

Eastern Suburbs Banksia Scrub

Eastern Suburbs Banksia Scrub is a nationally and state-listed Threatened Ecological Community. It consists of sclerophyllous heath vegetation which is confined to wind formed...

Freshwater Wetland on Coastal Floodplain Dee Why Lagoon

Freshwater Wetlands on Coastal Floodplains

Freshwater wetlands on coastal floodplains on the Northern Beaches occur in swampy, saline, alluvial soils around the margins of estuaries and coastal lagoons. They are...

Littoral Rainforest

Littoral Rainforest is a closed forest occurring only on the coast of Eastern Australia. This community is defined by the regularly actions of the ocean and exposure to salty...

Pittwater and Wagstaffe Spotted Gum Forest

Pittwater and Wagstaffe Spotted Gum Forest occurs within the northern part of the Northern Beaches on the Barrenjoey Peninsular, Scotland Island and Western Foreshores of...

Swamp Oak Floodplain Forest

Swamp Oak Floodplain forest community is found on coastal floodplains around our lagoons and waterways. On the Northern Beaches this community occurs and would have occurred...

Sydney Freshwater Wetlands

Sydney Freshwater Wetlands in the Sydney Basin Bioregion is a vegetation community found in freshwater swamps in swales and depressions on sand dunes and low nutrient...

Themeda Grassland on Seacliffs and Headlands

Themeda Grassland on Seacliffs and Headlands is a structure that is typically a closed tussock grassland, but may be open shrubland or open heath with a grassy matrix between...