Stage 2 Program - Changing Landscapes Beneath our Feet

Geography Syllabus/The Earth’s Environment

  • Students examine features and characteristics of places and environments GE2-1
  • Students describe the ways people, places and environments interact GE2-2
  • Students examine differing perceptions about the management of places and environments GE2-3

NSW Science and technology syllabus/ Earth and Space

  • Students describe some observable changes over time on the Earth’s surface that result from natural processes and human activity ST2-8ES.
  • Students describe ways that science knowledge helps people understand the effect of their actions on the environment and on the survival of living things ST2-11LW.
  • Students investigate their questions and predictions by analysing collected data, suggesting explanations for their findings, and communicating and reflecting on the processes undertaken ST2- 4WS.


  • Earth’s surface changes over time as a result of natural processes and human activity. ACSSU075
  • Living things, including plants and animals, depend on each other and the environment to survive. ACSSU073
  • Students safely use appropriate materials, tools or equipment to make and record observations, using formal measurements and digital technologies as appropriate. ACSIS055, ACSIS066


  • All life forms including human life, are connected through ecosystems on which they depend for their wellbeing and survival. O1.2
  • World views are formed by experiences at personal, local, national and global levels, and are linked to individual and community actions for sustainability. O1.4

Students explore why and how our coastal landscape is changing. Students gain a deeper understanding of how and why geological changes can occur through the following hands on activities - weather testing - rock investigation - dune investigation

A guided walk around the headland gives students the opportunity to observe and reflect on the cause and effect of both natural and man-made changes. Using maps and their own observations of the area students create their own sand models of Long Reef headland.

An alternative to model building (and tide dependent) students can partake in a guided exploration of Long Reef rock pool and discover the abundance of species that survive in this unique and challenging intertidal habitat. Students experience first-hand how the physical conditions of the environment affect the marine invertebrates that live there.

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